JOURNAL OF CHILEAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

Vol 65 No 3 (2020): Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
Reviews

A REVIEW OF ABACA FIBER-REINFORCED POLYMER COMPOSITES: DIFFERENT MODES OF PREPARATION AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

Bin Jeremiah D. Barba
Chemistry Research Section, Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, Quezon City 1101, Philippines
Jordan F. Madrid
Chemistry Research Section, Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, Quezon City 1101, Philippines
David Jr P Penaloza
De La Salle University
Bio
Published September 13, 2020
Keywords
  • polymer composites,
  • abaca,
  • fiber reinforcement,
  • surface modification

Abstract

Fiber-reinforced polymer composites have received increased attention due to their environmental friendliness and sustainability, aside from at par - if not better - property enhancement achieved through fiber reinforcement over mineral-based fillers. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review on the various methods of fiber-based polymer composites preparation as well as their applications, particularly focusing on abaca-reinforced hybrid materials. Among the natural fibers available in the market, abaca fiber has been a major contender in the development of natural fiber composites. It has a great potential to be a renewable fiber source for industrial and technological applications owing to its inherent high mechanical strength, durability, flexibility and long fiber length. Impacts of different treatment strategies of abaca-based composites preparation resulting in property enhancements over bare polymer counterparts and that of synthetic fibers are discussed. Being eco-friendly and naturally sustainable, abaca fiber-reinforced composites can also exhibit better strength without substantial weight gain – characteristics that have been exploited in various commercial and technological uses. How these enhanced properties of the resulting composites had led in a wide range of applications such as in the automobile and construction industries and other fields had been included as well.

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