JOURNAL OF CHILEAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

Vol 64 No 2 (2019): Journal of the Chilean Chemical Society
Original Research Papers

PREPARATION OF ANION-EXCHANGE CELLULOSE FOR THE REMOVAL OF CHROMATE

Özgür Arar
Ege University Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry
Published July 25, 2019
Keywords
  • Anion exchange,
  • cellulose,
  • chromate,
  • quaternized cellulose,
  • water treatment

Abstract

The quaternary ammonium group containing cellulose was prepared by the one-pot method and applied for the removal of chromate (CrO42-) ions from aqueous solution. The prepared sorbent was characterized by using elemental analyzer and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Its ion exchange behavior toward CrO42- ions was investigated as a function of sorbent dose and initial solution pH. The kinetic and sorption equilibrium experiments were also carried out in a batch system. Equilibrium data were best fitted with the Langmuir model and the maximum ion exchange capacity of the sorbent was found as 3.8 mg of CrO42-/g sorbent.

Moreover, the removal of CrO42- is achieved within 5 minutes. Furthermore, the calculated thermodynamic parameters disclosed that the ion exchange reaction is feasible, spontaneous and exothermic. In addition, the CrO4 2- ions can be desorbed from the sorbent by 1.0 M HCl solution with 95% regeneration efficiency.

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